The Skagit river is 150 miles long and drains approximately 1.7 million acres, it originates in Southwest British Columbia, Canada, and flows through Manning and Skagit Valley Provincial Parks before entering Ross Lake and Washington State. Ross Dam is the largest and most upstream dam of three making up the “Skagit River Hydroelectrical Project”, Diablo and Gorge being the others. Below Gorge dam the river is often dry as it run through tunnel to emerge at Newhalem. The river flows S.W. picking up the Cascade river until it meets the Sauk where it turns west. The Baker river, which has 2 dams Shannon and Baker come into the Skagit at Concrete WA. The river heads west past Hamilton, Lyman, Sedro Woolley, Burlington and Mount Vernon until it splits around Fir Island and enters Skagit bay in Puget Sound.
- Bull Trout
- Chum Salmon
- Coastal Cutthroat Trout
- Winter Steelhead [esa-listed]
The Skagit has spawning populations of all 5 species of pacific salmon as well as bull trout, and coastal cutthroat trout. Winter and summer run steelhead are also present, both of which are listed under the Endangered Species Act. The Skagit still has a large amount of spawning habitat and the potential for native fish recovery is high, maybe the best in the Puget Sound region. Three Tribes call the Skagit home, the Upper Skagit, the Lower Skagit and the Swinomish. The tribes have Co-Manager Status of the resources of the Skagit. The fish within the Skagit watershed encounter many of the same obstacles as most rivers near population centers including spawning tributary degradation, logging, dams, commercial fishing, dikes and farm runoff, water withdrawal and hatcheries, though a 2014 lawsuit won by Wild Fish Conservancy has halted hatchery steelhead plants for a 12 year period.
The Skagit is world famous and conjures up visions of legend, spring chinook of 60+ lbs, coho and pink salmon runs of epic proportions. One only needs to read Ralph Wahl’s “One Man’s Steelhead Shangri La” to understand the lore of Skagit Steelhead and why so many legends cut their steelhead teeth there. There is even a spey casting method named for the river, that is used world wide. Skagit winter steelhead at least, seem to be on the upswing with runs that have been hovering around 7,000 to 8,000+ fish the last few years. If any river can even approach historic levels of recovery it’s the Skagit. We must do our best to see that the river has the chance to make that happen.